Getting to Know the Learners: Needs Assessment and Self-Discovery Activities.

Adult ESL Literacy context.

What makes teaching Adult ESL Literacy different?

CLB: ESL for ALL (2015) provides a chart to help us identify the differences between 3 streams of learners. Take a peek at page 6. For convenience, the chart (CLB: ESL for ALL, 2015:6) is reproduced below.


Along with the three scenarios below, there are many other possibilities including learners in each stream with learning or physical differences which shape their individual learning capabilities.

"Adult ESL Literacy learners work toward the same language learning outcomes as literate ESL Learners (as outlined in the Canadian Language Benchmarks), but their learning does not progress as quickly because they lack transferable literacy concepts,knowledge,and strategies from their first language; they are working on both language and literacy at the same time. Because of this, ESL Literacy learners need considerable support, instruction, and guided practice in acquiring and applying literacy skills and strategies”. CLB: ESL for ALL supports instructors in providing this guidance to literacy learners. It is assumed that instructors will use this document in conjunction with the Canadian Language Benchmarks 2012 (CLB: ESL for ALL, 2015: 1).